Musculoskeletal (also called orthopedic) conditions are those that affect the bones, joints, and connective tissues. These tissues include muscles, ligaments, tendons and fascia.
Dysfunction can be caused by
- sports injuries
- spine diseases
- degenerative conditions including osteoarthritis
- congential conditions
- muscle spasm
Musculoskeletal problems can result in pain, stiffness, loss of movement, decreased strength, and nerve injury.
Pain is often the most disruptive of symptoms, and it is also one of the biggest reasons patients seek treatment. Pain is subjective in nature and it can be difficult to define from person to person and problem to problem. Pain is often (but not always) associated with an injury or a disease processes. These can include trauma, infection, inflammation, poor posture, overuse, or age-related degeneration.
Pain falls into two general categories: acute and chronic.
Acute pain is recent in onset and can last anywhere from minutes to weeks. It is usually associated with a change in activity, injury or illness. Acute pain may or may not progress beyond the normal course of natural healing and become chronic.
Chronic pain can last from months to years, and it is not always associated with injury, illness or inflammation. With this kind of pain, the body has moved beyond its normal “healing mode.” While dysfunction may be present, chronic pain can also be caused by faulty signals along the nerves and misinterpretation by pain centers in the brain.
Orthopedic Conditions can be broken down into:
- Back Conditions
- Thoracic pain
- Low Back Pain
- Coccyx dysfunction
- Hip/Pelvic Dysfunction
- Sacroiliac Dysfunction
- Pubic Symphysis Dysfunction
- Neck Dysfunction
- Upper Extremity Dysfunction
- Lower Extremity Dysfunction
- Temporomandibular Joint/TMD
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