The hip is the joint between the pelvis and the femur or thigh bone. The top of the femur, the femoral head, sits inside the socket of the pelvis called the acetabulum. The hip supports the weight of the body for standing, walking, running, jumping etc. The hip is also an essential component in maintaining balance.
Conditions and injuries of the hip include some of the following:
- Acetabular Labral Tears
- Trochanteric Bursitis of the Hip
- Total Hip Replacement
- Osteoarthritis of the Hip
- Hamstring Injuries/Strains
- Iliotibial Band (ITB) Tightness/Syndrome
- Post-surgical Hip Pain, Weakness, Tightness
Hip structure varies between men and women. During puberty the hips and pelvis in women widen to accommodate for pregnancy and delivery of the baby.
The hip can refer pain into the pelvis, lower extremity, or into the low back region. A full examination of the hip and surrounding joints is recommended to rule out these areas.
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
American Physical Therapy Association Move Forward Guide to Conditions